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Benton County Deeds & Records, Corvallis, Oregon.
William and Julia Dixon to Eliza Gorman. Deed of Title, Lot 11 and 12, Block 11, Dixon’s 2nd Addition.
April 27, 1857.
Isaac Moore to Hannah Gorman. Deed of Title, ½ interest in Lot 5, Block 11, Dixon’s 2nd Addition.
November 1, 1858.
Weyman St. Clair to Hannah Gorman. Deed of Title, ½ interest in Lot 5, Block 11, Dixon’s 2nd Addition.
Louis Belfile to Eliza Gorman. Deed of Title, Lot 10, Block 11, Dixon’s 2nd Addition. May 4, 1866.
Hiram Gorman to Hannah Gorman. Quit Claim Deed, Lots 10,11 & 12, Dixon’s 2nd Addition.
March, 25 1875.
Hannah Gorman to Peter Polly. Deed of Title, Lots 5,10,11,12, Dixon’s 2nd Addition.
March, 30 1875.
Benton County Historical Museum files.
Benton County Historical Society. “Online Timeline.” http://www.bentoncountymuseum.org/timeline/print_timeline.cfm Accessed June 2014.
Blaine, David. Letters and papers of Rev. David E. Blaine and his wife Catharine; Seattle, 1853-1856, Oregon, 1856-1862. Seattle: Historical Society of the Pacific Northwest Conference of the Methodist Church, 1963.
Bosco-Milligan Foundation. “Cornerstones of Community: Buildings of Portland’s African American History.” Portland, Oregon: Bosco-Milligan Foundation, August 1995.
Carter, Liz. “Settlement-era Dwellings, Barns and Farm Groups of the Willamette Valley, Oregon, 1841-circa 1865.” National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Documentation Form, 2014.
Chappel, Jill A., Robert R. Musil, and Kathryn Anne Toepel, Cultural Resource Survey and Evaluation of The Proposed AT&T Fiber Optic Cable Route, Linn and Benton Counties. (Heritage Research Associates Report No. 128, on file at the Oregon State Historic Preservation Office, Salem, 1992)
Corning, Howard McKinley. Willamette Landings: Ghost Towns of the River. (Portland, Oregon: Federal Writers' Project (Or.), Binfords & Mort for the Oregon Historical Society, 1947).
Dasch, May D. “Hannah Gorman and Eliza J. Gorman: Early Afro-American Pioneers in Benton County, Oregon”, 2004, Benton County Historical Society, Benton County, Oregon.
Dole, Philip, Papers. Un-catalogued collection, University of Oregon Special Collections. nd.
Ellis, Clifton and Rebecca Ginsberg. Cabin, Quarter, Plantation: Architecture and Landscapes of North American Slavery. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010.
Evans, Elwood. History of the Pacific Northwest and Washington... Volume 2. Portland, Oregon: North Pacific History Company, 1889.
Fagan, David D. History of Benton County, Oregon: including its geology, topography, soil and productions, together with the early history of the Pacific Coast, compiled from the most authentic sources: a full political history ... incidents of pioneer life and biographical sketches of early and prominent Citizens, Portland: Oregon, D.D. Fagan, 1885).
Flora, Stephanie. “Emigrants to Oregon in 1844.” Accessed January-May, 2014.
Gallagher, Mary. Interview by Chris Ruiz, Philomath, Oregon. June 3, 2009.
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Genealogical Forum of Portland. Genealogical Material in Oregon Donation Land Claims. Portland, Oregon: Genealogical Forum of Portland, 1957.
Hildebrand, Grant and Miriam Sutermeister. A Greek Temple in French Prairie: The William Case House, French Prairie, Oregon, 1858-59. Marion Dean Ross Pacific Northwest Chapter of the Society of Architectural Historians, 2007.
Hill, Daniel G., Jr. “The Negro in Oregon, A Survey.” Master’s Thesis, University of Oregon Graduate School, 1932.
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Hines, Rev. H[arvey] K., D.D. An Illustrated History of the State of Oregon... Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1893.
Hussey, J.A. Champoeg: Place of Transition. Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society, 1967.
Johansen, Dorothy O. “The Role of Land Laws in the Settlement of Oregon,” Genealogical Material in Oregon Donation Land Claims, Volume I. Portland, Oregon: The Genealogical Forum of Portland, 1957.
Lang, H.O. History of the Willamette Valley, Being a Description of the Valley and its Resources... Portland,Oregon: Geo. H. Himes, Book and Job Printer, 1885.
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Lyman, William Denison. History of the Yakima Valley, Washington... Volume 1. Chicago: S.J. Clarke, 1919.
Martin, Bruce. “History of Corvallis, 1846-1900.” Master’s Thesis, University of Oregon Department of History, Eugene, 1938.
Martin, Bruce. “History of Corvallis, 1846-1900.” Master’s Thesis, Department of History, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, 1938.
McArthur, Lewis A. and Lewis L. McArthur. Oregon Geographic Names. Portland: Oregon, Oregon Historical Society, Portland. 1974.
McLagan, Elizabeth. A Peculiar Paradise, A History of Blacks in Oregon, 1788-1940. Portland: The Georgian Press, 1980.
Nokes, R. Gregory. Breaking Chains: Slavery on Trial in the Oregon Territory. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2013.
O’Neil, Shirley H. Polk County Pioneers: Study of the Inhabitants Listed in the 1850 Federal Census of Polk County, Oregon. 2002.
Oregon Historical Society. “The Fourteenth Amendment.” Accessed November 2013.
Oregon Northwest Black Pioneers. Perseverance: A History of African Americans in Oregon’s Marion and Polk Counties. Salem, Oregon: Oregon Northwest Black Pioneers, 2011.
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Richard, K. Keith. “Unwelcome Settlers: Black and Mulatto Oregon Pioneers,” Oregon Historical Quarterly, Vol. 84, No. 1 (Spring 1983).
-----. “Unwelcome Settlers: Black and Mulatto Oregon Pioneers, Part II” Oregon Historical Quarterly, Vol. 84, No. 2 (Summer 1983).
Ruiz, Chris and Liz Carter et al. “Hannah and Eliza Gorman House, Preliminary Study.” Unpublished report, November 2013. On file with authors.
Salem Pioneer Cemetery. Online records, “Gorman, Hiram.” Accessed July 2013.
Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps. “Corvallis, Oregon.” 1888, 1890, 1895, 1912, 1927, 1949. Available via Accessed January 2014.
Taylor, Quintard. “Slaves and Free Men: Blacks in the Oregon Country, 1840-1860,” Oregon Historical Quarterly, Vol. 83, No. 2 (Summer 1982).
Tenlen, Jenny. “The Immigration of 1844.” 2001-2007. Accessed January and May, 2014.
United States Census Population Schedule. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records. Accessed via January and March, 2014.
Polk County, Oregon. 1850.
Benton County, Oregon. 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.
United States General Land Office. Oregon Cadastral Maps, Township 9 South, Range 4 West. 1852 and 1860. Accessed via Bureau of Land Management “Land Records” website November 2013.
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Vlach, John Michael. Back of the Big House: The Architecture of Plantation Slavery. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina, 1993.
Corvallis Gazette. “The Obituary of Eliza J. Gorman.” Corvallis, Oregon: July 17, 1869.
Ellensburg [Washington] Daily Record. “Links Traced in Thorp Family Chain.” April 30, 1968.
Portland Morning Oregonian. “Death of a Pioneer Slave.” Portland, Oregon: July 3, 1888.
Salem Oregon Statesman. “Obituary of Hiram Gorman.” Salem, Oregon: July, 24 1888.
Waterman, Hazel. Portland Sunday Oregonian Magazine. “Twice Under the Cloud of Slavery.” Portland, Oregon: March 2, 1952.
Fuenfhausen, Gary. Personal communication with author, September 2013. Mr. Fuenfhausen specializes in the history and culture of southern Missouri. He is the president of the Missouri Little Dixie Heritage Foundation. and
McGill, Joseph. Personal communication with author, 2012-2014. Formerly with the National Trust for Historic Preservation, Joseph McGill is intimately familiar with slave housing through his work on the “Slave Dwelling Project,” an effort to elevate the visibility and importance of remaining slave dwellings in the U.S.
Thorp, Randall. Personal communication with author, September 2013 and May 2014. Mr. Thorp is a descendant of Major John Thorp, with whom the Gormans traveled from Missouri to Oregon.